During His childhood and adolescent years Christ lived in the small village of Nazareth, birth place of Joseph and of the Theotokos. It was a small settlement with few inhabitants, which proved to be a holy shrine after the 4th century with the radiance of Christianity. According to tradition during the Byzantine period, churches and chapels were built in Nazareth over four holy shrines: The spring where the Annunciation took place, the cave-workshop of Joseph, the synagogue where Christ preached and the cliff from which Christ’s compatriots wanted to drop Him (Luke 4:29). Today the pilgrim can visit these holy shrines.
At the spring of the Annunciation, the Greek-Orthodox Church of the Archangel Gabriel is built, while at the Synagogue of Nazareth is built the Church-Synagogue of the Greek/Catholic. At the spot where the house of the Theotokos used to be and the workshop of Joseph, the imposing Latin Church of the Annunciation is built in which the pilgrim finds embodied the byzantine and crusader findings. At the Cliff, a Chapel is built on the place where the ruins of an early byzantine Church and a monastery were found.